Write What You Don’t Know

by Samantha Hoffman

Arguably, the most famous piece of writing advice is "Write what you know," usually attributed to Mark Twain. It's sound advice, if you don't take it literally. It's unfortunate that Mr. Twain didn't say, "Write what you feel," or "Write what moves you," or "Write what you dream or imagine."

What if Suzanne Collins had listened to this advice and instead of a story about a 16-year-old girl named Katniss living in a future, post-apocalyptic nation, she wrote what she knew; a story about a girl named Katey living in Indiana? Or if J.K. Rowling's story about an orphaned son of two powerful wizards who possesses magical powers, became an only child of farmers in Iowa? 

Think what the world would have missed out on.

As writers we use our own thoughts and ideas and experiences in our writing. We incorporate discussions with friends, family history, newspaper articles, movies that inspire us, overheard conversations on the El...those are all things we know. We don't have to experience those things personally to know them. We have imagination. We have Google. We make up things and write what we don't know because we're writers. We don't need to limit ourselves to our own experiences, we might need to just do a little more research to make it believable and authentic. It's our responsibility to make sure it's believable and authentic. 

Ursula K. Le Guin said Write What You Know, But Remember You May Know Dragons

“As for “Write what you know,” I was regularly told this as a beginner. I think it’s a very good rule and have always obeyed it. I write about imaginary countries, alien societies on other planets, dragons, wizards, the Napa Valley in 22002. I know these things. I know them better than anybody else possibly could, so it’s my duty to testify about them. I got my knowledge of them, as I got whatever knowledge I have of the hearts and minds of human beings, through imagination working on observation. Like any other novelist. All this rule needs is a good definition of “know.”


Here's how my friend, fellow author and popular Let's Just Write! An Uncommon Conference presenter creates the world and the characters in her Leo Townsend series: 
One of the things I like best about writing fiction is that I get to play God by creating worlds and the people in them. Even so, my places and people have to be plausible. That’s where research comes in. Like most authors, I’m certain I’m on FBI, CIA, and Homeland Security watchlists because I’ve Googled such things as “bugging devices,” “retrieving deleted emails,” and “pipe bombs.” But I’m not a threat — just a Midwestern writer with a wild imagination.

Where my research takes me is amazing. So while editing a draft of God on Mayhem Street, I decided to list my Google searches for that day (March 30, 2016). Here there are:

  • How to speak with an Italian accent
  • Synonym for cannoli
  • List of American literary awards
  • What do morphine lollipops look like 
  • 1985-1986 US Network TV Schedule 
  • Made for TV movies in January, 1986, the movie “Murrow”
  • Top slang terms of the 1980s 
  • Early morning farm chores – my editor wanted to know if young Leo and Eddie’s ages were appropriate for the farm chores I gave them. I found this article: Age-appropriate farm (and outside) chores: https://www.weedemandreap.com/age-appropriate-farm-chores/

Read the rest of Kristin's blog post.

I promise, Kristin doesn't know what morphine lollipops look like (well, she does now because she googled it) or what they taste like.

Mark your calendar for March 7th for Cocktails and Conversation with Kristin Oakley. Details coming soon.


Commonly, many authors' first work is semi-autobiographical or inspired by a life event because that's what we know, and that's great as long as it's an interesting story (to objective others, not just to you and your mother). But when you have that out of your system, write what you don't know

Remember, you may know dragons.

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